Igiene e prevenzione

Intro

IN THE MOUTHS WHERE NO FOOD REMAINS, CARIES AND PERIODONTAL DISEASES HARDLY DEVELOP!

Bacteria feed on the same foods we love and leave on our teeth by mistake.

"Individual oral hygiene", even if we think we do it well at home, cannot ignore the "Professional teeth cleaning" that can and must be done at Office together with the periodic examination of the entire oral cavity.

In fact, despite all our good will, usually new calculus and plaque end up forming first on the lingual and palatal aspect of the teeth starting from the gingival sulcus, then interproximally between tooth and tooth where simple daily brushing fails to be effective, and finally anteriorly there anybody can see it best.

So, depending on the case, every 3-6 months at the most, you have to go for one or more hygiene sessions and a dental check, before the silent accumulation of tartar and plaque can end up causing damage to the cable. oral and to these important structures.

What's the Bacterial Plaque?

Our oral cavity is the largest opening of our body to the outside world, a real border constantly controlled by our defenses, a border that from birth is crossed by liquid, semi-solid and gaseous substances that allow us to live. Together with them, however, also incalculable numbers of bacteria and viruses enter.

A few hundred different species of Bacteria, scattered everywhere, on the tongue, on the mucous membrane of the cheeks, on the palate, on the gums, on the teeth, in the oropharynx, and so on, come down more and more behind and inside it in the nasopharynx, in the respiratory systems and in our intestines.

In the mouth these bacteria find ideal conditions to live, because it is hot, it is humid, and they can hide them in small cavities and ravines often full of food residues where they can feed and reproduce quickly.

They feed on what we eat and that passes in our mouth they pass and stop if we do not carefully remove it, foods rich in sugars, fats, proteins, water; and in our mouth they reproduce and wreak havoc on the teeth, gums and underlying bone.

In fact, in the mouths where food stagnates, bacteria multiply and colonize all those parts where they manage to settle undisturbed, such as between tooth and tooth, in the gum line and wherever they find shelter. They constitute the bacterial plaque.

Then, often from the mouth they leave for target organs inside the body, even very sensitive ones such as the heart, and sometimes, if they manage to evade the fierce and continuous attack of our immune system, they create foci or very harmful colonies in them, giving rise to focal diseases. which undermine the structural and functional integrity of the invaded organ.

Viruses, instead,  are not living beings like bacteria, but even smaller protein boxes containing a strand of DNA or RNA, are fragments of life in search of a body. They therefore need cells to enter in order to reproduce indefinitely, damaging them, killing them and restarting history in others contiguous to those in which they entered. Sometimes this can happen in some areas of the oral cavity, but more often the mouth is only a passage point for them towards more internal parts of the body such as the respiratory system and many other parts.

What's Calculus?

Some bacteria that make up the "bacterial plaque", if left undisturbed, take the calcium particles present in the saliva, process them and use them to build small calcified aggregation centers that adhere strongly to the tooth enamel.

Normally this happens first in all those hidden points of the dentition, that is, those places where neither the cheeks rubbing nor the tongue browsing, manage to pass over them during the day, and then unfortunately where unfortunately not even the toothbrushes and a thread guided by careful hands they manage to clean.

Once the first thin layer has formed on the teeth, calculus continues to settle on it for a variable time between 10 and 20 days between formation and mineralization. All the centers will serve as a basis for the accumulation of other mineral which will continue to organize itself on top of it over time thanks to some bacterial plaque, and will stratify more and more, thickening and accumulating until it comes into contact with the gum.

The continuous contact and attack of bacteria with the cells of the gum, their continuous reproduction, will stimulate the prompt response of the immune system with inflammation of the tissues, and with the appearance of increasingly serious problems of the same and of the alveolar bone. around the teeth with tartar.

Thus, Periodontal Disease begins, and that is of those structures such as Bone and Gingiva that surround and support the teeth, increasingly undermining their health and stability.

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